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Co-evolution of human immunodeficiency virus and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses

Goulder, Philip, Price, David, Nowak, Martin, Rowland-Jones, Sarah, Phillips, Rodney and McMichael, Andrew 1997. Co-evolution of human immunodeficiency virus and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses. Immunological Reviews 159 (1) , pp. 17-29. 10.1111/j.1600-065X.1997.tb01004.x

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After more than a decade of intensive research, the precise of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) in determining the course of the infection remains open to argument. It is established that HIV-specific CTL appear early in the infection and are temporally associated with the clearance of culturable virus from the blood; that CTL are generally detectable at very high levels throughout the asymptomatic phase and decline at the time of progression to AIDS; and that CTL-mediated killing is sufficiently fast to prevent production of new virus by HIV-infected cells. However, viral turnover is throughout the course of the infection, and –infected individuals progress inexorably to disease in spite of the CTL response. In order Co address the question of whether CTL play an active part in influencing the course of HIV infection, one approach has been to seek evidence for CTL-mediated selection pressure on the virus. Several clear examples of CTL epitope-specific mutations selected to fixation are described. We argue that CTL escape is a common event which occurs at all stages of the Infection. Detailed longitudinal studies are required to detect CTL escape and to nd the complexities contributed by factors SUC h as a polyvalent CTL response and the presence of epitope variants which antagonise the CTL response. In conclusion, there is strong evidence of a dynamic process in which CTL impose important selection constraints upon HIV fro m which the virus attempts to escape; ultimately, at the time of disease progression, the tenuous control of CTL over the virus is lost.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0105-2896
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 June 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:12

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