Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Implementation of the European legislation to protect farm animals: a case-study on French inspections to find solutions to improve compliance

Miele, Mara ORCID:, Lomellini-Dereclenne, A.C., Mounier, L and Veissier, I 2017. Implementation of the European legislation to protect farm animals: a case-study on French inspections to find solutions to improve compliance. Animal Welfare Journal 26 (3) , pp. 311-321. 10.7120/09627286.26.3.311

[thumbnail of M Miele 2017 implementation of the european postprint.pdf]
PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Download (628kB) | Preview


In the European Union, at least 1% of farms are inspected every year and sanctions are applied to those that do not comply with the legislation on animal welfare. These on-farm inspections can result in measures to correct welfare problems detected. They can also highlight major risks that will require a focus of efforts and help prevent further non-compliances. Here, we analysed the reports from inspections of French cattle farms between 2010 and 2013 to check whether inspection stimulates improvement and to propose ways to improve how animal welfare legislation is implemented through the cross-compliance system. French inspectors use 32 items to assess overall compliance of farms inspected. We found that compliance improves on farms that are re-inspected but not in other farms (8% of severely non-compliant farms). Nine items do not influence the overall assessment whereas eight have a huge impact. The importance attributed to items varies from the first to the second visit to a farm. The major risks are absence of farm records, lack of basic care (practices or enclosures likely to harm animals, insufficient feeding) and inadequate skills (no veterinarian consulted, insufficient qualified staff). To improve compliance with EU animal welfare legislation and the efficiency of the inspection system, we suggest organising consultation between inspectors, ministry central services and welfare experts to: (i) refine the checklist and harmonise interpretations of item compliance; (ii) make sure all farmers are aware of the legislative requirements and the major risks of non-compliance; and (iii) define plans for a step-wise improvement of non-compliant farms.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Geography and Planning (GEOPL)
Uncontrolled Keywords: animal welfare, cattle, compliance, EU legislation, inspections, overall assessment
Publisher: Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW)
ISSN: 0962-7286
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 June 2017
Date of Acceptance: 22 March 2017
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2023 20:35

Citation Data

Cited 11 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics