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Immunolocalisation and expression of proteoglycan 4 (cartilage superficial zone proteoglycan) in tendon

Rees, Sarah Geraldine, Davies, Janet Rosemary, Tudor, Debbie, Flannery, Carl Ralph, Hughes, Clare Elizabeth ORCID:, Dent, Colin Michael and Caterson, Bruce ORCID: 2002. Immunolocalisation and expression of proteoglycan 4 (cartilage superficial zone proteoglycan) in tendon. Matrix biology 21 (7) , pp. 593-602. 10.1016/S0945-053X(02)00056-2

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Cartilage superficial zone protein/proteoglycan (SZP) or proteoglycan 4 (PRG4), has been demonstrated to have the potential for several distinct biological functions including cytoprotection, lubrication and matrix binding. In the present study, we have examined both the immunolocalisation and the mRNA expression pattern of PRG4 in tissue harvested from the compressed and tensional regions of young and mature bovine tendons. Immunohistochemical analyses, utilizing monoclonal antibody 3-A-4 which recognizes a conformational-dependent epitope on native PRG4, demonstrated that PRG4 is present predominantly at the surface of fibrocartilaginous regions of tendon, with the intensity of immunoreactivity in this region increasing with age. RT-PCR analyses revealed that the expression of PRG4 mRNA can be modulated by exposure to cytokines and growth factors. In addition, analyses of human pathological tendon revealed that PRG4 may also be expressed as an alternatively spliced form lacking exons which encode part of the N-terminal matrix-binding and cell-proliferative domain; however, it remains to be determined whether such splice variants are a feature of human tendon, regardless of disease state. Taken together, these data indicate that PRG4 may play an important cytoprotective role by preventing cellular adhesion to the tendon surface as well as providing lubrication during normal tendon function, in a manner complimentary to cartilage PRG4. Structural modifications to SZP, together with a reduction in synthesis during tendon inflammation with injury and disease may account for the formation of tendon adhesions and contribute to the overall dysfunction of the tissue.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tendon; Fibrocartilage; Proteoglycan 4; Superficial zone proteoglycan; Megakaryocyte stimulating factor; Lubricin
ISSN: 0945-053X
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 08:46

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