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Device-to-device communications: a performance analysis in the context of social comparison-based relaying

Chun, Young Jin, Colombo, Gualtiero B., Cotton, Simon L., Scanlon, William G., Whitaker, Roger M. ORCID: and Allen, Stuart M. ORCID: 2017. Device-to-device communications: a performance analysis in the context of social comparison-based relaying. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications 16 (12) , pp. 7733-7745. 10.1109/TWC.2017.2751470

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Device-to-device (D2D) communications are recognized as a key enabler of future cellular networks which will help to drive improvements in spectral efficiency and assist with the offload of network traffic. Among the transmission modes of D2D communications are single-hop and relay assisted multi-hop transmission. Relay-assisted D2D communications will be essential when there is an extended distance between the source and destination or when the transmit power of D2D user equipments (UEs) is constrained below a certain level. Although a number of works on relay-assisted D2D communications have been presented in the literature, most of those assume that relay nodes cooperate unequivocally. In reality, this cannot be assumed since there is little incentive to cooperate without a guarantee of future reciprocal behavior. Cooperation is a social behavior that depends on various factors, such as peer comparison, incentives, the cost to the donor and the benefit to the recipient. To incorporate the social behavior of D2D relay nodes, we consider the decision to relay using the donation game based on social comparison and characterize the probability of cooperation in an evolutionary context. We then apply this within a stochastic geometric framework to evaluate the outage probability and transmission capacity of relay assisted D2D communications. Through numerical evaluations, we investigate the performance gap between the ideal case of 100% cooperation and practical scenarios with a lower cooperation probability. It shows that practical scenarios achieve lower transmission capacity and higher outage probability than idealistic network views which assume full cooperation. After a sufficient number of generations, however, the cooperation probability follows the natural rules of evolution and the transmission performance of practical scenarios approach that of the full cooperation case, indicating that all D2D relay nodes adopt the same dominant cooperative strategy based on social comparison, without the need for enforcement by an external authority.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Computer Science & Informatics
Additional Information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
Publisher: IEEE
ISSN: 1536-1276
Funders: EPSRC, EC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 September 2017
Date of Acceptance: 16 August 2017
Last Modified: 04 May 2023 20:01

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