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Challenges and gaps for energy planning models in the developing-world context

Debnath, Kumar Biswajit and Mourshed, Monjur ORCID: 2018. Challenges and gaps for energy planning models in the developing-world context. Nature Energy 3 , pp. 172-184. 10.1038/s41560-018-0095-2

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Energy planning models (EPMs) support multi-criteria assessments of the impact of energy policies on the economy and environment. Most EPMs have originated in developed countries and are primarily aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions while enhancing energy security. In contrast, most, if not all, developing countries are predominantly concerned with increasing energy access. Here, we review thirty-four widely used EPMs to investigate their applicability to developing countries and find an absence of consideration of the objectives, challenges, and nuances of the developing context. Key deficiencies arise from the lack of deliberation of the low energy demand resulting from lack of access and availability of supply. Other inadequacies include the lack of consideration of socio-economic nuances such as the prevalence of corruption and resulting cost inflation, the methods for adequately addressing the shortcomings in data quality, availability and adequacy, and the effects of climate change. We argue for further research on characterisation and modelling of suppressed demand, climate change impacts, and socio-political feedback in developing countries, and the development of contextual EPMs.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2058-7546
Funders: Department of Energy and Climate Change, Cardiff University
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 February 2018
Date of Acceptance: 22 January 2018
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2023 18:55

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