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Pro-inflammatory fatty acid profile and colorectal cancer risk: a Mendelian randomisation analysis

May-Wilson, Sebastian, Sud, Amit, Law, Philip J., Palin, Kimmo, Tuupanen, Sari, Gylfe, Alexandra, Hänninen, Ulrika A., Cajuso, Tatiana, Tanskanen, Tomas, Kondelin, Johanna, Kaasinen, Eevi, Sarin, Antti-Pekka, Eriksson, Johan G., Rissanen, Harri, Knekt, Paul, Pukkala, Eero, Jousilahti, Pekka, Salomaa, Veikko, Ripatti, Samuli, Palotie, Aarno, Renkonen-Sinisalo, Laura, Lepistö, Anna, Böhm, Jan, Mecklin, Jukka-Pekka, Al-Tassan, Nada A., Palles, Claire, Farrington, Susan M., Timofeeva, Maria N., Meyer, Brian F., Wakil, Salma M., Campbell, Harry, Smith, Christopher G., Idziaszczyk, Shelley, Maughan, Timothy S., Fisher, David, Kerr, Rachel, Kerr, David, Passarelli, Michael N., Figueiredo, Jane C., Buchanan, Daniel D., Win, Aung K., Hopper, John L., Jenkins, Mark A., Lindor, Noralane M., Newcomb, Polly A., Gallinger, Steven, Conti, David, Schumacher, Fred, Casey, Graham, Aaltonen, Lauri A., Cheadle, Jeremy P., Tomlinson, Ian P., Dunlop, Malcolm G. and Houlston, Richard S. 2017. Pro-inflammatory fatty acid profile and colorectal cancer risk: a Mendelian randomisation analysis. European Journal of Cancer 84 , pp. 228-238. 10.1016/j.ejca.2017.07.034

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Background While dietary fat has been established as a risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC), associations between fatty acids (FAs) and CRC have been inconsistent. Using Mendelian randomisation (MR), we sought to evaluate associations between polyunsaturated (PUFA), monounsaturated (MUFA) and saturated FAs (SFAs) and CRC risk. Methods We analysed genotype data on 9254 CRC cases and 18,386 controls of European ancestry. Externally weighted polygenic risk scores were generated and used to evaluate associations with CRC per one standard deviation increase in genetically defined plasma FA levels. Results Risk reduction was observed for oleic and palmitoleic MUFAs (OROA = 0.77, 95% CI: 0.65–0.92, P = 3.9 × 10−3; ORPOA = 0.36, 95% CI: 0.15–0.84, P = 0.018). PUFAs linoleic and arachidonic acid had negative and positive associations with CRC respectively (ORLA = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.93–0.98, P = 3.7 × 10−4; ORAA = 1.05, 95% CI: 1.02–1.07, P = 1.7 × 10−4). The SFA stearic acid was associated with increased CRC risk (ORSA = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.01–1.35, P = 0.041). Conclusion Results from our analysis are broadly consistent with a pro-inflammatory FA profile having a detrimental effect in terms of CRC risk.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0959-8049
Date of Acceptance: 22 July 2017
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2018 15:00

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