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Contrasting roles for actin in the cellular uptake of cell penetrating peptide conjugates

He, L., Sayers, E. J. ORCID:, Watson, P. ORCID: and Jones, A. T. ORCID: 2018. Contrasting roles for actin in the cellular uptake of cell penetrating peptide conjugates. Scientific Reports 8 (1) , 7318. 10.1038/s41598-018-25600-8

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The increased need for macromolecular therapeutics, such as peptides, proteins and nucleotides, to reach intracellular targets necessitates more effective delivery vectors and a higher level of understanding of their mechanism of action. Cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) can transport a range of macromolecules into cells, either through direct plasma membrane translocation or endocytosis. All known endocytic pathways involve cell-cortex remodelling, a process shown to be regulated by reorganisation of the actin cytoskeleton. Here using flow cytometry, confocal microscopy and a variety of actin inhibitors we identify how actin disorganisation in different cell types differentially influences the cellular entry of three probes: the CPP octaarginine – Alexa488 conjugate (R8-Alexa488), octaarginine conjugated Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein (EGFP-R8), and the fluid phase probe dextran. Disrupting actin organisation in A431 skin epithelial cells dramatically increases the uptake of EGFP-R8 and dextran, and contrasts strongly to inhibitory effects observed with transferrin and R8 attached to the fluorophore Alexa488. This demonstrates that uptake of the same CPP can occur via different endocytic processes depending on the conjugated fluorescent entity. Overall this study highlights how cargo influences cell uptake of this peptide and that the actin cytoskeleton may act as a gateway or barrier to endocytosis of drug delivery vectors.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2045-2322
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 May 2018
Date of Acceptance: 24 April 2018
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2022 09:59

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