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Cardiac neurones of automatic ganglia

Wallis, David ORCID:, Watson, Alan and Mo, Ning 1996. Cardiac neurones of automatic ganglia. Microscopy Research and Technique 35 (1) , pp. 69-79. 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0029(19960901)35:1<69::AID-JEMT6>3.0.CO;2-N

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The properties of the postganglionic sympathetic neurones supplying the heart and arising in the stellate and adjacent paravertebral ganglia of various species are discussed with respect to their location, morphology, synaptic input and membrane characteristics. Results from our laboratory on the morphology of rat stellate neurones projecting to the heart were obtained either by intracellular injection of hexammine cobaltic (111) chloride or by retrograde labelling of cells using cobalt-lysine complex. Intracellular recordings were made from cells using electrodes filled either with potassium chloride plus hexammine cobaltic chloride or potassium acetate. Neurones which projected axons into cardiac nerve branches arising from the stellate ganglion were termed putative cardiac neurones, because of the possibility that some supply pulmonary targets. Putative cardiac neurones had unbranched axons and were ovoid or polygonal in shape, but showed considerable variation in soma size and in the complexity of dendritic trees. The mean two-dimensional surface area was 463 pm2 and the mean number of primary dendrites was seven. Other studies have found that the morphology of rat stellate ganglion neurones is similar to that of superior cervical ganglion cells. However, in strains of rat displaying spontaneous hypertension, dendritic length may be increased. Histochemical studies do not, as yet, seem to have demonstrated a distinctive neurochemical profile for stellate cardiac neurones, but various types of peptidecontaining intraganglionic nerve fibres have been identified in the guinea pig. In our electrophysiological studies, putative cardiac neurones were found to receive a complex presynaptic input arising from the caudal sympathetic trunk and from T, and T2 thoracic rami. In addition, 16% of cardiac neurones received a synaptic input from the cardiac nerve. The properties of postganglionic parasympathetic neurones distributed in the cardiac plexus and termed intrinsic cardiac neurones are discussed, including the results of studies on cultures of these neurones.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1059-910X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 July 2018
Date of Acceptance: 8 December 1994
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2022 09:28

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