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Implications of DSM-5 for recognising adults with developmental coordination disorder (DCD)

Purcell, Catherine ORCID:, Scott-Roberts, Sally and Kirby, Amanda 2015. Implications of DSM-5 for recognising adults with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). British Journal of Occupational Therapy 78 (5) , pp. 295-302. 10.1177/0308022614565113

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Introduction The latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders has attempted to recognise the pervasiveness of developmental coordination disorder across the lifespan. However, it falls short at describing the non-motoric symptomology such as executive functioning, social, emotional and psychiatric difficulties commonly reported in adults. Consequently, at the point of entry the self-reported functional difficulties of an adult with developmental coordination disorder may not be immediately associated with an underlying deficit within a motor domain, potentially resulting in inappropriate referrals. Method This study aimed to explore the reasons why 16 adults without a previous diagnosis of developmental coordination disorder referred themselves for a clinical assessment and consider whether their significant motor difficulties would be apparent. Results The primary self-reported concerns related to executive functioning difficulties, activities of daily living, changes in routine and social interaction and engagement. The least common self-reported concerns included gross motor skills. Conclusion Practitioners at the point of entry need to be mindful that adults with significant motor difficulties may not identify motor difficulties as their primary concern. It is, therefore, important to include screening for motor difficulties and for a future clinical landscape to comprise a referral pathway to adult neurodevelopmental clinics incorporating multidisciplinary teams.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Healthcare Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: College of Occupational Therapists
ISSN: 0308-0226
Date of Acceptance: 27 October 2014
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 07:02

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