Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

TWE-PRIL reverse signaling suppresses sympathetic axon growth and tissue innervation

Howard, Laura, Wosnitzka, Erin, Okakpu, Darian, White, Matthew A., Wyatt, Sean and Davies, Alun M. 2018. TWE-PRIL reverse signaling suppresses sympathetic axon growth and tissue innervation. Development 145 (22) , dev165936. 10.1242/dev.165936

[thumbnail of Howard et al Dev 18.pdf]
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (7MB) | Preview


TWE-PRIL is a naturally-occurring fusion protein of components of two TNF superfamily members: the extracellular domain of APRIL and the intracellular and transmembrane domains of TWEAK with no known function. Here we show that April−/− mice (which lack APRIL and TWE-PRIL) exhibited overgrowth of sympathetic fibers in vivo, and sympathetic neurons cultured from these mice had significantly longer axons than neurons cultured from wild type littermates. Enhanced axon growth from sympathetic neurons cultured from April−/− mice was prevented by expressing full-length TWE-PRIL in these neurons but not by treating them with soluble APRIL. Soluble APRIL, however, enhanced axon growth from the sympathetic neurons of wild type mice. siRNA knockdown of TWE-PRIL but not siRNA knockdown of APRIL alone also enhanced axon growth from wild type sympathetic neurons. Our work reveals the first and physiologically relevant role for TWE-PRIL and suggests that it mediates reverse signaling.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Additional Information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided that the original work is properly attributed.
Publisher: Company of Biologists
ISSN: 0950-1991
Funders: Wellcome Trust
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 22 October 2018
Date of Acceptance: 10 October 2018
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2022 07:47

Citation Data

Cited 7 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics