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Optimised LAMP allows single copy detection of 35Sp and NOSt in transgenic maize using Bioluminescent Assay in Real Time (BART)

Hardinge, Patrick ORCID:, Kiddle, Guy, Tisi, Laurence and Murray, James A. H. ORCID: 2018. Optimised LAMP allows single copy detection of 35Sp and NOSt in transgenic maize using Bioluminescent Assay in Real Time (BART). Scientific Reports 8 , 17590. 10.1038/s41598-018-36207-4

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Loop-mediated amplification (LAMP) has been widely used to amplify and hence detect nucleic acid target sequences from various pathogens, viruses and genetic modifications. Two distinct types of primer are required for LAMP; hairpin-forming LAMP and displacement. High specificity arises from this use of multiple primers, but without optimal conditions for LAMP, sensitivity can be poor. We confirm here the importance of LAMP primer design, concentrations and ratios for efficient LAMP amplification. We further show that displacement primers are non-essential to the LAMP reaction at certain concentrations providing accelerating loop primers are present. We investigate various methods to quantify DNA extracts from GM maize certified reference materials to calculate the target copy numbers of template presented to the LAMP reaction, and show that LAMP can amplify transgenic promoter / terminator sequences in DNA extracted from various maize GM events using primers designed to target the 35S promoter (35Sp) or NOS terminator (NOSt) sequences, detection with both bioluminescence in real-time (BART) and fluorescent methods. With prior denaturation and HPLC grade LAMP primers single copy detection was achieved, showing that optimised LAMP conditions can be combined with BART for single copy targets, with simple and cost efficient light detection electronics over fluorescent alternatives.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2045-2322
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 November 2018
Date of Acceptance: 9 November 2018
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 23:01

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