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Exosomes populate the cerebrospinal fluid of preterm infants with post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus

Spaull, Robert, McPherson, Bryony, Gialeli, Andriana, Clayton, Aled ORCID:, Uney, James, Heep, Axel and Cordero-Llana, Óscar 2019. Exosomes populate the cerebrospinal fluid of preterm infants with post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience 73 , pp. 59-65. 10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2019.01.004

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Background Preterm infants are at risk of germinal matrix haemorrhage-intraventricular haemorrhage (GMH-IVH) which leads to post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) in 30% of infants; this is associated with moderate-severe neurodevelopmental impairment and confers significant risk of cerebral palsy. There are however no predictive indicators of the severity or long-term outcome after GMH-IVH. In recent years, endosome-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) or exosomes have been isolated from biofluids and shown to mediate intercellular communication via selective enrichment in proteins and micro-RNAs. Methods This study aimed to isolate and characterise EVs from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 3 preterm infants with PHH using nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) with immunogold protein labelling, and micro-RNA analysis. Results NTA of unaltered CSF revealed a heterogeneous and dynamic population of EVs. Exosomal-sized EVs were isolated by differential ultracentrifugation and TEM confirmed the presence of CD63+ and CD81+ exosomes. The micro-RNAs miR-9, miR-17, miR-26a, miR-124 and miR-1911 were detected within the exosome-enriched fraction and profiled over time. Conclusion This is the first reported characterisation of exosomes from the CSF of preterm infants with post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0736-5748
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 January 2019
Date of Acceptance: 6 January 2019
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2023 22:55

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