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The role of time perception in temporal binding: Impaired temporal resolution in causal sequences

Fereday, Richard, Buehner, Marc J. ORCID: and Rushton, Simon K. ORCID: 2019. The role of time perception in temporal binding: Impaired temporal resolution in causal sequences. Cognition 193 , 104005. 10.1016/j.cognition.2019.06.017

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Causality affects our perception of time; events that appear as causally related are perceived as closer together in time than unrelated events. This effect is known as temporal binding. One potential explanation of this effect is that causality slows an “internal clock” that is used in interval estimation. To explore this hypothesis, we first examined participants’ perceived duration of a range of intervals between a causal action and an effect, or between two unrelated events. If (apparent) causality slows the internal clock, then plotting perceived duration against actual duration should reveal a shallower slope in the causality condition (a relative compression of perceived time). This pattern was found. We then examined an interesting corollary: that a slower rate during causal sequences would result in reduced temporal acuity. This is what we found: Duration discrimination thresholds were higher for causal compared to non-causal sequences. These results are compatible with a clock-slowing account of temporal binding. Implications for sensory recalibration accounts of binding are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0010-0277
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 May 2019
Date of Acceptance: 14 June 2019
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2022 21:15

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