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How curiosity enhances hippocampus-dependent memory: The Prediction,Appraisal,Curiosity, Exploration (PACE) Framework

Gruber, Matthias ORCID: and Ranganath, Charan 2019. How curiosity enhances hippocampus-dependent memory: The Prediction,Appraisal,Curiosity, Exploration (PACE) Framework. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (12) , pp. 1014-1025. 10.1016/j.tics.2019.10.003

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Curiosity plays a fundamental role for learning and memory, but the neural mechanisms that stimulate curiosity and its effect on memory are poorly understood. Accumulating evidence suggests that curiosity states are related to modulations in activity in the dopaminergic circuit and that these modulations impact memory encoding and consolidation for both targets of curiosity and incidental information encountered during curiosity states. To account for this evidence, we propose the Prediction, Appraisal, Curiosity, and Exploration (PACE) framework, which attempts to explain curiosity and memory in terms of cognitive processes, neural circuits, behavior, and subjective experience. The PACE framework generates testable predictions that can stimulate future investigation of the mechanisms underlying curiosity-related memory enhancements.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Additional Information: Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1364-6613
Funders: Wellcome Trust
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 October 2019
Date of Acceptance: 7 October 2019
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 08:21

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