Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

The simulation of transport processes in cementitious materials with embedded healing systems

Freeman, Brubeck Lee and Jefferson, Tony ORCID: 2020. The simulation of transport processes in cementitious materials with embedded healing systems. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics 44 (2) , pp. 293-326. 10.1002/nag.3017

[thumbnail of The_simulation_of_transport_processes_in_cementitious_materials_with_embedded_healing_systems-final.pdf]
PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Download (2MB) | Preview


A new model for simulating the transport of healing agents in self-healing (SH) cementitious materials is presented. The model is applicable to autonomic SH material systems in which embedded channels, or vascular networks, are used to supply healing agents to damaged zones. The essential numerical components of the model are a crack flow model, based on the Navier-Stokes equations, which is coupled to the mass balance equation for simulating unsaturated matrix flow. The driving forces for the crack flow are the capillary meniscus force and the force derived from an external (or internal) pressure applied to the liquid healing agent. The crack flow model component applies to non-uniform cracks and allows for the dynamic variation of the meniscus contact angle, as well as accounting for inertial terms. Particular attention is paid to the effects of curing on the flow characteristics. In this regard, a kinetic reaction model is presented for simulating the curing of the healing agent and a set of relationships established for representing the variation of rheological properties with the degree of cure. Data obtained in a linked experimental programme of work is employed to justify the choice and form of the constitutive relationships, as well as to calibrate the model’s evolution functions. Finally, a series of validation examples are presented that include the analysis of a series of concrete beam specimens with an embedded vascular network. These examples demonstrate the ability of the model to capture the transport behaviour of this type of SH cementitious material system.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0363-9061
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 October 2019
Date of Acceptance: 11 October 2019
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2023 08:34

Citation Data

Cited 5 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics