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‘Everything was just getting worse and worse’: Deteriorating job quality as a driver of doctor emigration from Ireland

Humphries, N., McDermott, A. M. ORCID:, Conway, E., Byrne, J.-P., Prihodova, L., Costello, R. and Matthews, A. 2019. ‘Everything was just getting worse and worse’: Deteriorating job quality as a driver of doctor emigration from Ireland. Human Resources for Health 17 , 97. 10.1186/s12960-019-0424-y

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Background: Medicine is a high-status, high-skill occupation which has traditionally provided access to good quality jobs and relatively high salaries. In Ireland, historic underfunding combined with austerity-related cutbacks have negatively impacted job quality to the extent that hospital medical jobs have begun to resemble extreme jobs. Extreme jobs combine components of a good quality job – high pay, high job control, challenging demands, with those of a low-quality job – long working hours, heavy workloads. Deteriorating job quality and the normalisation of extreme working is driving doctor emigration from Ireland, and deterring return. Methods: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 40 Irish emigrant doctors in Australia who had emigrated from Ireland since 2008. Interviews were held in July-August 2018. Results: Respondents reflected on their experiences of working in the Irish health system, describing hospital workplaces that were understaffed, overstretched and within which extreme working had become normalised, particularly in relation to long working hours, fast working pace, doing more with less and fighting a climate of negativity. Drawing on Hirschman’s work on exit, voice and loyalty (1970), the authors consider doctor emigration-as-exit and present respondent experiences of voice prior to emigration. Only 14/40 respondent emigrant doctors intend to return to work in Ireland. Discussion: The deterioration in medical job quality and the normalisation of extreme working is a key driver of doctor emigration from Ireland, and deterring return. Irish trained hospital doctors emigrate to access good quality jobs in Australia and are increasingly likely to remain abroad once they have secured them. To improve doctor retention, health systems and employers must mitigate the emergence of extreme work in healthcare. Employee voice (about working conditions, about patient safety, etc.) should be encouraged and used to inform health system improvement and to mitigate exit.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Publisher: BioMed Central
ISSN: 1478-4491
Funders: Thanks to the HRB for funding the Hospital Doctor Retention and Motivation (HDRM) Project via an Emerging Investigator Award (EIA-2017-022) to NH.
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 15 November 2019
Date of Acceptance: 20 October 2019
Last Modified: 02 May 2023 16:50

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