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Jones index, secret sharing and total quantum dimension

Fiedler, Leander, Naaijkens, Pieter ORCID: and Osborne, Tobias J 2017. Jones index, secret sharing and total quantum dimension. New Journal of Physics 19 (2) , 023039. 10.1088/1367-2630/aa5c0c

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We study the total quantum dimension in the thermodynamic limit of topologically ordered systems. In particular, using the anyons (or superselection sectors) of such models, we define a secret sharing scheme, storing information invisible to a malicious party, and argue that the total quantum dimension quantifies how well we can perform this task. We then argue that this can be made mathematically rigorous using the index theory of subfactors, originally due to Jones and later extended by Kosaki and Longo. This theory provides us with a 'relative entropy' of two von Neumann algebras and a quantum channel, and we argue how these can be used to quantify how much classical information two parties can hide form an adversary. We also review the total quantum dimension in finite systems, in particular how it relates to topological entanglement entropy. It is known that the latter also has an interpretation in terms of secret sharing schemes, although this is shown by completely different methods from ours. Our work provides a different and independent take on this, which at the same time is completely mathematically rigorous. This complementary point of view might be beneficial, for example, when studying the stability of the total quantum dimension when the system is perturbed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Publisher: IOP Publishing
ISSN: 1367-2630
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 February 2020
Date of Acceptance: 25 January 2017
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 16:44

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