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Enhancing the understanding of the glycerol to lactic acid reaction mechanism over AuPt/TiO2 under alkaline conditions

Evans, Christopher D., Douthwaite, Mark, Carter, James H., Pattisson, Samuel, Kondrat, Simon A., Bethell, Donald, Knight, David W., Taylor, Stuart H. ORCID: and Hutchings, Graham J. ORCID: 2020. Enhancing the understanding of the glycerol to lactic acid reaction mechanism over AuPt/TiO2 under alkaline conditions. Journal of Chemical Physics 152 (13) , 134705. 10.1063/1.5128595

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The oxidation of glycerol under alkaline conditions in the presence of a heterogeneous catalyst can be tailored to the formation of lactic acid, an important commodity chemical. Despite recent advances in this area, the mechanism for its formation is still a subject of contention. In this study, we use a model 1 wt. % AuPt/TiO2 catalyst to probe this mechanism by conducting a series of isotopic labeling experiments with 1,3-13C glycerol. Optimization of the reaction conditions was first conducted to ensure high selectivity to lactic acid in the isotopic labeling experiments. Selectivity to lactic acid increased with temperature and concentration of NaOH, but increasing the O2 pressure appeared to influence only the rate of reaction. Using 1,3-13C glycerol, we demonstrate that conversion of pyruvaldehyde to lactic acid proceeds via a base-promoted 1,2-hydride shift. There was no evidence to suggest that this occurs via a 2,1-methide shift under the conditions used in this study.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: American Institute of Physics (AIP)
ISSN: 0021-9606
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 April 2020
Date of Acceptance: 9 March 2020
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2024 21:16

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