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Non-pharmacological and non-psychological approaches to the treatment of PTSD: results of a systematic review and meta-analyses

Bisson, Jonathan I., van Gelderen, Marieke, Roberts, Neil P. and Lewis, Catrin 2020. Non-pharmacological and non-psychological approaches to the treatment of PTSD: results of a systematic review and meta-analyses. European Journal of Psychotraumatology 11 (1) , 1795361. 10.1080/20008198.2020.1795361

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ABSTRACT Background: Non-pharmacological and non-psychological approaches to the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have often been excluded from systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Consequently, we know little regarding their efficacy. Objective: To determine the effect sizes of non-pharmacological and non-psychological treatment approaches for PTSD. Method: We undertook a systematic review and meta-analyses following Cochrane Collaboration guidelines. A pre-determined definition of clinical importance was applied to the results and the quality of evidence was appraised using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) approach. Results: 30 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of a range of heterogeneous non- psychological and non-pharmacological interventions (28 in adults, two in children and adolescents) were included. There was emerging evidence for six different approaches (acupuncture, neurofeedback, saikokeishikankyoto (a herbal preparation), somatic experiencing, transcranial magnetic stimulation, and yoga). Conclusions: Given the level of evidence available, it would be premature to offer non- pharmacological and non-psychological interventions routinely, but those with evidence of efficacy provide alternatives for people who do not respond to, do not tolerate or do not want more conventional evidence-based interventions. This review should stimulate further research in this area.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Additional Information:
Publisher: Taylor && Francis
ISSN: 2000-8198
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 October 2020
Date of Acceptance: 2 July 2020
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2020 09:00

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