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A Herschel mapping of [C ii], [O i] and [O iii] lines from the circumnuclear region of M31

Li, Zongnan, Li, Zhiyuan, Smith, Matthew W. L. ORCID: and Gao, Yu 2020. A Herschel mapping of [C ii], [O i] and [O iii] lines from the circumnuclear region of M31. Astrophysical Journal 905 (2) , 138. 10.3847/1538-4357/abc5ba

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The circumnuclear region of M31, consisting of multiphase interstellar media, provides a close-up view of the interaction of the central supermassive black hole and surrounding materials. Far-infrared (FIR) fine-structure lines and their flux ratios can be used as diagnostics of physical properties of the neutral gas in this region. Here we present the first FIR spectroscopic mapping of the circumnuclear region of M31 in [C ii] 158 μm, [O i] 63 μm, and [O iii] 88 μm lines with the Herschel Space Observatory, covering an ~500 × 500 pc (2' × 2') field. Significant emissions of all three lines are detected along the so-called nuclear spiral across the central kiloparsec of M31. The velocity field under a spatial resolution of ~50 pc of the three lines are broadly consistent and also consistent with previous CO(3–2) line observations in the central region. Combined with existing [C ii] and CO(3–2) observations of five other fields targeting the disk, we derived the radial distribution of [C ii]/CO(3–2) flux ratio, and found that this ratio is higher in the center than in the disk, indicating a low gas density and strong radiation field in the central region. We also found that the [C ii]/FIR ratio in the central region is 5.4 (±0.8) × 10−3, which exhibits an increasing trend with the galactocentric radius, suggesting an increasing contribution from the old stellar population to dust heating toward the center.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
ISSN: 0004-637X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 29 October 2020
Date of Acceptance: 27 October 2020
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 11:49

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