Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

3D printing system for earth-based construction: case study of cob

Gomaa, Mohamed, Jabi, Wassim ORCID:, Veliz Reyes, Alejandro and Soebarto, Veronica 2021. 3D printing system for earth-based construction: case study of cob. Automation in Construction 124 , 103577. 10.1016/j.autcon.2021.103577

[thumbnail of 3DPrintingSystemCob.pdf]
PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (4MB) | Preview


Despite the dramatic development in digital manufacturing technologies in the recent years, 3D printing of earth materials, such as cob, still presents several challenges to the market-available 3D printing systems. This paper describes the development process of a 3D printing system for cob that fits the contemporary requirements of digital construction. The study first described the methodology of producing a revised cob recipe for the purpose of 3D printing. Then, the study conducted thorough investigations into the properties of three types of extrusion systems using both electromechanical and pneumatic methods, leading eventually to the development of a new bespoke dual-ram extruder. The study then explored systematically the relationship between the new 3DP system and the rheological properties of cob, followed by an exploration to the new geometric opportunities the new system offers. The study findings show that the new extrusion system improves greatly the 3DP process of cob in terms of extrusion rate, continuity, consistency, and mobility. The findings are expected to bring 3D printed cob construction closer to full-scale applications. On a broader scale the study contributes to the disciplines of architectural design and construction by providing a framework capable of bridging the knowledge gap between vernacular modes of building production and contemporary digital practice.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Architecture
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0926-5805
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 20 January 2021
Date of Acceptance: 18 January 2021
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2023 17:47

Citation Data

Cited 15 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics