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Curiosity in childhood and adolescence - what can we learn from the brain

Gruber, Matthias ORCID: and Fandakova, Yana 2021. Curiosity in childhood and adolescence - what can we learn from the brain. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 39 , pp. 178-184. 10.1016/j.cobeha.2021.03.031

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Accumulating evidence in adults has shown that curiosity and surprise enhance memory via activity in the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and dopaminergic areas. Based on findings of how these brain areas and their inter-connections develop during childhood and adolescence, we discuss how the effects of curiosity and surprise on memory may develop during childhood and adolescence. We predict that the maturation of brain areas potentially related to curiosity elicitation (hippocampus, anterior cingulate cortex [ACC], prefrontal cortex) and protracted development of hippocampal-PFC and ACC-PFC connectivity lead to differential effects of curiosity and surprise on memory during childhood and adolescence. Our predictions are centred within the PACE (Prediction-Appraisal-Curiosity-Exploration) Framework which proposes multiple levels of analyses of how curiosity is elicited and enhances memory.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2352-1546
Funders: Wellcome Trust
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 April 2021
Date of Acceptance: 31 March 2021
Last Modified: 04 May 2023 01:41

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