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Psychosocial determinants of quit motivation in older smokers from deprived backgrounds: a cross-sectional survey

Smith, Pamela, Daniel, Rhian ORCID:, Murray, Rachael L, Moore, Graham ORCID:, Nelson, Annmarie ORCID: and Brain, Kate ORCID: 2021. Psychosocial determinants of quit motivation in older smokers from deprived backgrounds: a cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open 11 (5) , e044815. 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044815

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Objectives: To identify psychosocial determinants of quit motivation in older deprived smokers. The evidence may be used to optimise smoking cessation interventions for the target population. Design: Cross-sectional survey using online recruitment methods including Facebook-targeted advertising. Setting: UK, 2019. Participants: Current smokers aged 50 years or older and from a socioeconomically deprived background. Main outcome measures: Measures included motivation to stop smoking, smoking history, perceived social support, self-efficacy for quitting, self-exempting beliefs and lung cancer risk perception. Multivariable regression was used to analyse factors associated with quit motivation. Results: Of a total 578 individuals who consented to take part, 278 (48.1%) did not meet the inclusion criteria. Of the 300 eligible participants, most were recruited using Facebook (94.0%), were aged 50–64 years (83.7%) and women (85.7%). Most participants were renting from a housing association (72.0%) and had low education (61.0%). Higher motivation to quit was statistically significantly associated with a higher intensity of previous quit attempts (p=0.03), higher quit confidence (p=0.01), higher smoking self-efficacy (p=0.01), a lower risk-minimising beliefs score (p=0.01) and using traditional nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) when trying to stop smoking or cut down (p<0.001). Conclusion: Older smokers from deprived backgrounds face complex barriers to quitting smoking. Interventions are needed to increase self-efficacy for quitting, modify risk-minimising beliefs and target elements of previous quit attempts (ie, the use of NRT) that are associated with motivation to stop smoking.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN: 2044-6055
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 April 2021
Date of Acceptance: 15 April 2021
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2023 18:01

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