Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

UK national cohort of anal cancer treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy: one-year oncological and patient-reported outcomes

Gilbert, A., Drinkwater, K., McParland, L., Adams, R., Glynne-Jones, R., Harrison, M., Hawkins, M. A., Sebag-Montefiore, D., Gilbert, D. C. and Muirhead, R. 2020. UK national cohort of anal cancer treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy: one-year oncological and patient-reported outcomes. European Journal of Cancer 128 , pp. 7-16. 10.1016/j.ejca.2019.12.022

[thumbnail of RCR IMRT Manuscript Resubmission Clean- Adams.pdf]
Preview
PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (168kB) | Preview
[thumbnail of Tables]
Preview
PDF (Tables) - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (363kB) | Preview
[thumbnail of Data]
Preview
PDF (Data) - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (452kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the standard treatment for anal cancer. Following national UK implementation of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), this prospective, national cohort evaluates the one-year oncological outcomes and patient-reported toxicity outcomes (PRO) after treatment. Materials and methods A national cohort of UK cancer centers implementing IMRT was carried out between February to July 2015. Cancer centers provided data on oncological outcomes, including survival, and disease and colostomy status at one-year. EORTC-QLQ core (C30) and colorectal (CR29) questionnaires were completed at baseline and one-year followup. The PRO scores at baseline and one year were compared. Results 40 UK Cancer Centers returned data with a total of 187 patients included in the analysis. 92% received mitomycin with 5-fluorouracil or capecitabine. One-year overall survival was 94%; 84% were disease-free and 86% colostomy-free at one-year followup. At one year, PRO results found significant improvements in buttock pain, blood and mucus in stools, pain, constipation, appetite loss, and health anxiety compared to baseline. No significant deteriorations were reported in diarrhea, bowel frequency, and flatulence. Urinary symptom scores were low at one year. Moderate impotence symptoms at baseline remained at one year, and a moderate deterioration in dyspareunia reported. Conclusions With national anal cancer IMRT implementation, at this early pre-defined time point, one-year oncological outcomes were reassuring and resulted in good disease-related symptom control. one-year symptomatic complications following CRT for anal cancer using IMRT techniques appear to be relatively mild. These PRO results provide a basis to benchmark future studies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Centre for Trials Research (CNTRR)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0959-8049
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 April 2022
Date of Acceptance: 26 December 2019
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2022 20:11
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/141037

Citation Data

Cited 14 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics