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Planning urban energy systems adapting to extreme weather

Jing, Rui, Wang, Xiaonan, Zhao, Yingru, Zhou, Yue ORCID:, Wu, Jianzhong ORCID: and Lin, Jianyi 2021. Planning urban energy systems adapting to extreme weather. Advances in Applied Energy 3 , 100053. 10.1016/j.adapen.2021.100053

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In the context of increasing urbanization and climate change globally, urban energy systems (UES) planning needs adequate consideration of climate change, particularly to ensure energy supply during extreme weather events (EWE) such as heatwaves, floods, and typhoons. Here we propose a two-layer modeling framework for UES planning considering the impact of EWE. An application of the framework to a typical coastal city of Xiamen, China reveals that deploying energy storage (i.e., pumped hydro and battery) offers significant flexibility to ensure the critical demand is met during typhoon as a typical EWE and avoids over investment in supply technologies. This requires an extra 2.8% total cost on investment and operation of UES for 20 years. Planning energy systems with proper consideration of EWE can ensure robust urban energy services even with increasing penetration of fluctuating renewables, and we offer a flexible and computationally efficient paradigm for UES planning considering the impact of EWE.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2666-7924
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 July 2021
Date of Acceptance: 1 July 2021
Last Modified: 09 May 2023 01:34

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