Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Method for inferring the mechanical strain of GaN-on-Si epitaxial layers using optical profilometry and finite element analysis

Spiridon, B. F., Toon, M., Hinz, A., Ghosh, S., Fairclough, S. M., Guilhabert, B. J. E., Strain, M. J., Watson, I. M., Dawson, M. D., Wallis, D. J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0475-7583 and Oliver, R. A. 2021. Method for inferring the mechanical strain of GaN-on-Si epitaxial layers using optical profilometry and finite element analysis. Optical Materials Express 11 (6) , pp. 1643-1655. 10.1364/OME.418728

[thumbnail of ome-11-6-1643.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (3MB)

Abstract

GaN-on-Si has become a useful fabrication route for many GaN devices and applications, but the mechanical stress incorporated throughout the material stack can impact the viability of this approach. The transfer printing of GaN membrane devices, a promising emerging technology, is most effective with flat membranes, but in practice many GaN structures released from their Si substrate are highly bowed due to the strain in the epitaxial nitride stack. Our approach uses the optical profiles of epitaxial wafers and membranes as inputs for inferring the mechanical strain state of the material by multi-variable numerical model fitting using COMSOL Multiphysics. This versatile, adaptable and scalable method was tested on samples from two GaN-on-Si wafers, revealing the relationship between built-in strain and material bow in principal-component fashion, returning 3–4×10−4 strain estimates for the AlGaN (compressive) and GaN (tensile) layers, and suggesting the occurrence of plastic deformation during transfer printing.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Additional Information: Published by The Optical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
Publisher: Optical Society of America
ISSN: 2159-3930
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 July 2021
Date of Acceptance: 6 April 2021
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 11:20
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/142831

Citation Data

Cited 2 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics