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Forecasting industrial production indices with a new singular spectrum analysis forecasting algorithm

Borodich Suarez, Sofia, Heravi, Saeed ORCID: and Pepelyshev, Andrey ORCID: 2023. Forecasting industrial production indices with a new singular spectrum analysis forecasting algorithm. Statistics and Its Interface 16 (1) , pp. 31-42. 10.4310/21-SII693

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Existing time series analysis and forecasting approaches struggle to produce accurate results in application to time series with complex trend, such as those commonly displayed by indices of industrial production (IIPs). In this study, a new version of the Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA) technique is developed, namely the Separate Trend and Seasonality (SSA‑STS) forecasting algorithm. Its performance is compared to those of benchmark, classical times series forecasting methods, including Basic SSA (the core version of SSA), ARIMA, Exponential Smoothing (ETS) and Neural Network (NN). The methods in this study are applied to both simulated and real data. The latter includes twenty four monthly series of seasonally unadjusted IIPs of various sectors for the UK, Germany and France. Using the out-of-sample forecasts, the results of this newly developed SSA‑STS algorithm were compared to the other aforementioned forecasting schemes by the means of pooled Root-Mean-Square-Error (RMSE). The pooling is done based on the number of steps ahead the forecasts extend, allowing for the performance of the methods to be evaluated on short and long horizons. The Kolmogorov–Smirnov Predictive Accuracy (KSPA) statistical test is applied to certify whether the errors produced by SSA‑STS are statistically significantly smaller than those of all the benchmark methods. Since this new technique is based on separate trend and seasonality forecasting, it overcomes the difficulties in forecasting series with complex trends and seasonality, thus demonstrating a clear advantage over other methods in such particular cases.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Publisher: International Press
ISSN: 1938-7989
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 January 2022
Date of Acceptance: 18 July 2021
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 06:46

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