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The performance of the copulas in estimating the joint probability of extreme waves and surges along east coasts of the mainland China

Li, Jiangxia, Pan, Shunqi, Chen, Yongping and Gan, Min 2021. The performance of the copulas in estimating the joint probability of extreme waves and surges along east coasts of the mainland China. Ocean Engineering 237 , 109581. 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2021.109581

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Abstract

In designing coastal and nearshore structures, the joint probability of the wave heights and storm surges is essential in determining the possible highest total water level. The key elements to accurately estimate the joint probability are the appropriate sampling of the extreme values and selection of probability functions for the analysis. This study is to provide a full assessment of the performance of the different methods employed in the joint probability analysis. The bivariate extreme wave height and surge samples are analysed using 2 different probability distributions and the performance of 4 copulas, namely: Gumbel–Hougaard copula, Clayton copula, Frank copula and Galambos copula, is assessed. The possible highest total water levels for 100-year return period along the coastline of the mainland China are estimated by the joint probability method with the Gumbel–Hougaard copula. The results show that the wave heights and surges are highly correlated in the areas of dense typhoon paths. The distributions of the possible highest total water levels show a higher value in the southeast coast and lower value in the north. The results also indicate that at the locations where the sea states are energetic, the joint probability approach can improve the accuracy of design.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0029-8018
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 September 2021
Date of Acceptance: 27 July 2021
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2022 18:28
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/144002

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