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Numerical analysis on the evolution of NH2 in ammonia/hydrogen swirling flames and detailed sensitivity analysis under elevated conditions

Mashruk, Syed, Xiao, Hua, Pugh, Daniel, Chiong, Meng-Choung, Runyon, Jon, Goktepe, Burak, Giles, Anthony and Valera Medina, Agustin 2021. Numerical analysis on the evolution of NH2 in ammonia/hydrogen swirling flames and detailed sensitivity analysis under elevated conditions. Combustion Science and Technology 10.1080/00102202.2021.1990897

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Abstract

Ammonia/hydrogen blends have received some attention toward the development of new technologies focused on gas turbine combustion systems, as doping of hydrogen in ammonia enhances flame speed and stability while decreasing ignition energy. One of the challenges of these blends relies on the appropriate computational modeling of their combustion properties in combination with the complex hydrodynamics inherent to flow control techniques such as swirling flows, which are known to be the main method of flame stabilization in current gas turbines. Moreover, it is well-known that large reaction kinetic models are difficult to employ in these computational analyses, thus increasing the difficulty of obtaining reliable methods for the design of new combustors. Therefore, this research analyses a reduced chemical reaction mechanism, namely Okafor’s mechanism, comparing its performance and accuracy against obtained experiments. Emission measurements and non-intrusive laser techniques (LDA) were employed to validate models running on CHEMKIN-PRO flow reactors and RANS Complex Chemistry. Once validated, the study identified the main contributors and reaction kinetics of NH2 and NO consumption, hence evaluating the process via production rates and sensitivity analysis of various important reactions. The results depicted positive correlation between NH2 formation and heat release, N2, H2O, N2O, NH, NNH, NO, O formation, whereas NH3, N2H3 and NO2 have shown negative correlation. Statistical correlations supported these findings but unfortunately were inconclusive to the impacts of vorticity and turbulence over the production/consumption of amidogen. Sensitivity analysis has shown NH2 radicals and atomic N to be the main contributors of NO formation in the flame zone, although most of the NO formed in the flame zone shown to be consumed at the post-flame zone due to the presence of NHx radicals and atomic N.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: In Press
Schools: Engineering
Additional Information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 0010-2202
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 September 2021
Date of Acceptance: 5 October 2021
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2022 14:56
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/144278

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