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RS-Net: robust segmentation of green overlapped apples

Jia, Weikuan, Zhang, Zhonghua, Shao, Wenjiang, Ji, Ze and Hou, Sujuan 2022. RS-Net: robust segmentation of green overlapped apples. Precision Agriculture 23 , pp. 492-513. 10.1007/s11119-021-09846-3
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Abstract

Fruit detection and segmentation will be essential for future agronomic management, with applications in yield estimation, growth monitoring, intelligent picking, disease detection and etc. In order to more accurately and efficiently realize the recognition and segmentation of apples in natural orchards, a robust segmentation net framework specially developed for fruit production is proposed. This model was improved for the more challenging problem which segments the overlapped apples from the monochromatic background regardless of various corruptions. The method extends Mask R-CNN by embedding an attention mechanism for focusing more on the informative pixels but also suppressing the noise caused by adverse factors (occlusions, overlaps, etc.), which could be more suitable and robust for operating in complex natural environment. Specifically, the Gaussian non-local attention mechanism is transplanted into Mask R-CNN for refining the semantic features generated continuously by residual network and feature pyramid network, then the model forward processing based on the balanced feature levels and finally segments the regions where the apples are located. Experimental results verify the hypothesis of current work and show that the proposed method outperforms other start-of-the-art detection and segmentation models, the AP box and AP mask metric values have reached 85.6% and 86.2% in a reasonable run time, respectively, which can meet the precision and robustness of vision system in agronomic management

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1385-2256
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 September 2021
Date of Acceptance: 26 August 2021
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2022 17:12
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/144382

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