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Design and validation of a battery management system for solar-assisted electric vehicles

Wei, Hongqian, Zhong, Yan, Fan, Likang, Ai, Qiang, Zhao, Wenqiang, Jing, Rui and Zhang, Youtong 2021. Design and validation of a battery management system for solar-assisted electric vehicles. Journal of Power Sources 513 , 230531. 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2021.230531

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Expanding the travel mileage of power batteries is of great significance for electric vehicles (EVs). The solar battery pack is considered as a promising supplement to the battery management system (BMS) of EVs but integrating solar power into EVs remains a challenge. This paper proposes a BMS that coordinates the solar panels and the lithium battery system. The proposed BMS mainly involves three aspects. Firstly, an equivalent second-order resistance-capacitance model is established and afterwards is identified by using an improved recursive least squares algorithm. Then, the maximum power prediction strategy is developed based on the advanced state of charge (SOC) algorithm and the available solar energy estimation algorithm. Thirdly, a multi-stage constant current charging strategy based on the adaptive genetic algorithm is designed to optimize the battery temperature rise and charging time simultaneously. The proposed BMS is validated by the experiment on a real-world solar-assisted EV. The results indicate that the proposed power prediction strategy can accurately estimate the available power for EVs. Compared with the widely-used charging method, the developed optimal charging strategy reduces the charging time and temperature rise by 7%–11% and 36%–45%, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0378-7753
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 11 October 2021
Date of Acceptance: 13 September 2021
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2022 16:30

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