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Optimal second-harmonic current injection for capacitor voltage fluctuation reduction in hybrid MMCs under grid-side SLG faults

Xu, Jianzhong, Deng, Weicheng, Li, Gen, Zhao, Chengyong and Chongru, Liu 2021. Optimal second-harmonic current injection for capacitor voltage fluctuation reduction in hybrid MMCs under grid-side SLG faults. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery 10.1109/TPWRD.2021.3118690

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Abstract

The second-harmonic injection strategy for modular multilevel converters (MMCs) can effectively suppress the capacitor voltage fluctuation in steady states. However, the capacitor voltage fluctuation under grid-side single-line-to-ground (SLG) faults will be more severe. Moreover, there is no research on the mitigation of capacitor voltage fluctuation under grid-side SLG faults for the hybrid MMC with mixed half-bridge and full-bridge sub-modules. To address this issue for hybrid MMCs, an optimal second-harmonic current injection scheme for mitigating the capacitor voltage fluctuation in the hybrid MMC under grid-side SLG faults is proposed in this paper. The mathematical models of arm power fluctuations of the hybrid MMC are firstly developed under both steady states and grid-side SLG faults. Then, the principle and optimal strategy of the proposed capacitor voltage fluctuation strategy are presented. The capacitor voltage fluctuation under grid-side SLG faults can be reduced by suppressing the three-phase arm power fluctuations. A hybrid MMC model with the proposed scheme has been established in PSCAD/EMTDC to verify its effectiveness and feasibility. Simulation results show that the average voltage fluctuation reduction rate can reach 55.77% with the proposed strategy.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: In Press
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN: 0885-8977
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 October 2021
Date of Acceptance: 5 October 2021
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2021 06:27
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/144743

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