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Effect of remelting processes on the microstructure and mechanical behaviours of 18Ni-300 maraging steel manufactured by selective laser melting

Song, Jun, Tang, Qian, Feng, Qixiang, Han, Quanquan, Ma, Shuai, Chen, Hao, Guo, Fuyu and Setchi, Rossitza 2022. Effect of remelting processes on the microstructure and mechanical behaviours of 18Ni-300 maraging steel manufactured by selective laser melting. Materials Characterization 184 , 111648. 10.1016/j.matchar.2021.111648
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Abstract

Selective laser melting (SLM) is an established metal additive manufacturing technology extensively used in the automotive domain to manufacture metallic components with complex structures from 18Ni-300 maraging steel. However, achieving high-performance 18Ni-300 maraging steel using SLM still presents a challenge in terms of formulation of the processing parameters. The remelting process has the potential to address this challenge during SLM before post-treatments. This paper systematically investigated the effect of remelting on the microstructure and mechanical behaviours of the SLM-built 18Ni-300 maraging steel. The experimental results suggest that increases in the relative density of the as-built samples from 99.12% to 99.93% are achieved by a specific combination of remelting parameters (laser power 200 W, scan speed 750 mm/s, remelting rotation 90° and hatch spacing 0.11 mm) that eliminate large-sized pores. Compared with the as-built condition, remelting can slightly coarsen the average grain sizes and increased the fraction of low-angle grain boundaries (2°–15°). The tensile strength showed no remelting dependence, whereas both the ductility and microhardness increased. Elongation of the as-built sample increased from 10.5 ± 0.8% to 13 ± 3.5% after remelting under the #28 condition. These findings provide a fundamentally new understanding of how a combination of SLM and remelting can aid in the manufacture of high-performing 18Ni-300 maraging steel.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1044-5803
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 December 2021
Date of Acceptance: 28 November 2021
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2022 16:25
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/146059

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