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Preconception exposures and adverse pregnancy, birth, and postpartum outcomes: Umbrella review of systematic reviews

Daly, Michael, Kipping, Ruth, Tinner, Laura, Sanders, Julia and White, James 2022. Preconception exposures and adverse pregnancy, birth, and postpartum outcomes: Umbrella review of systematic reviews. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 36 (2) , pp. 288-299. 10.1111/ppe.12855
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Abstract

Background Preconception exposures have been associated with adverse pregnancy, birth and postpartum outcomes. However, the reports, statements and guidelines of national and international health organisations vary in what they recommend individuals should monitor, avoid, reduce or practise in the preconception period. Objectives To synthesise and evaluate the evidence across systematic reviews for associations between exposures before conception and adverse pregnancy, birth and postpartum outcomes. Data sources MEDLINE, Embase, Epistemonikos (to May 2020) and reference lists of included reviews, without language or date restrictions. Study selection, data extraction and synthesis Systematic literature reviews of observational and/or interventional studies reporting associations between preconception exposures in women and/or men of reproductive age and pregnancy, birth or postpartum health outcomes were included. The methodological quality of reviews and the certainty of the evidence underlying each exposure-outcome association were assessed using AMSTAR 2 and the GRADE approach. Results We identified 53 eligible reviews reporting 205 unique exposure-outcome associations. Methodological quality was generally low with only two reviews rated as ‘high’ quality and two as ‘moderate’. We found high-certainty, randomised trial evidence that maternal folate supplementation reduces the risk of neural tube defects and anomaly-related terminations. Moderate-certainty, observational evidence was found that maternal physical activity is associated with reduced risk of pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes, and that paternal age of ≥40 years and maternal body mass index (BMI) and interpregnancy weight gain are associated with increased risk of various adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Low- and very low-certainty evidence was found for other associations. Conclusions Clinicians and policymakers can be confident that maternal folate supplementation should be encouraged during the preconception period. There is moderate certainty in the evidence base that maternal physical activity, BMI and interpregnancy weight gain and advanced paternal age are important preconception considerations. High-quality research is required to better understand other exposure-outcome associations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Healthcare Sciences
Medicine
Centre for Trials Research (CNTRR)
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0269-5022
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 December 2021
Date of Acceptance: 12 December 2021
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2022 12:08
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/146154

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