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Emerging type-II superlattices of InAs/InAsSb and InAs/GaSb for mid-wavelength infrared photodetectors

Alshahrani, Dhafer O., Kesaria, Manoj ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1664-0806, Anyebe, Ezekiel A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6642-9334, Srivastava, V. and Huffaker, Diana L. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5946-4481 2022. Emerging type-II superlattices of InAs/InAsSb and InAs/GaSb for mid-wavelength infrared photodetectors. Advanced Photonics Research 3 (2) , 2100094. 10.1002/adpr.202100094

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Abstract

Mid-wavelength infrared (MWIR) photodetectors (PDs) are highly essential for environmental sensing of hazardous gases, security, defense, and medical applications. Mercury cadmium telluride (MCT) materials have been the most used detector in the MWIR range. However, it is plagued by several challenges including toxicity concerns, a high rate of Auger nonradiative recombination, a large band-to-band (BTB) tunneling current, nonuniformity, and the need for cryogenic cooling. Theoretically, it is predicted that type-II superlattice (T2SL) materials can emerge as an alternative with the potential to outperform the current state-of-the-art MCT PDs due to suppression of Auger recombination associated with bandgap engineering and reduced BTB tunneling current caused by the larger effective mass. Based on this theoretical prediction, it is believed that T2SL have the potential to operate at high temperatures and overcome the size, weight, and power consumption limitations of MCT. Herein, a detailed review of the fundamental material properties of T2SL PDs is provided while providing a comparison of the optical and electrical performances of Ga-free (InAs/InAsSb) and Ga-based (InAs/GaSb) T2SL PDs. Finally, recent advances in IR detection technologies including focal plane arrays and quantum cascade infrared photodetectors are explored.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License
Publisher: Wiley Open Access
ISSN: 2699-9293
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 December 2021
Date of Acceptance: 19 September 2021
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2022 10:15
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/146206

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