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Detection of selection signatures in the genome of a farmed population of anadromous rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Orozco ter Wengel, Pablo ORCID: 2021. Detection of selection signatures in the genome of a farmed population of anadromous rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Genomics 113 (5) , pp. 3395-3404. 10.1016/j.ygeno.2021.07.027

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Domestication processes and artificial selection are likely to leave signatures that can be detected at a molecular level in farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). These signatures of selection are genomic regions that contain functional genetic variants conferring a higher fitness to their bearers. We genotyped 749 rainbow trout from a commercial population using a rainbow trout Axiom 57 K SNP array panel and identified putative genomic regions under selection using the pcadapt, Composite Likelihood Ratio (CLR) and Integrated Haplotype Score (iHS) methods. After applying quality-control pipelines and statistical analyses, we detected 12, 96 and 16 SNPs putatively under selection, associated with 96, 781 and 115 candidate genes, respectively. Several of these candidate genes were associated with growth, early development, reproduction, behavior and immune system traits. In addition, some of the SNPs were found in interesting regions located in autosomal inversions on Omy05 and Omy20. These findings could represent a genome-wide map of selection signatures in farmed rainbow trout and could be important in explaining domestication and selection for genetic traits of commercial interest.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0888-7543
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 January 2022
Date of Acceptance: 28 July 2021
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 21:49

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