Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Immediate effect of a spinal mobilisation intervention on muscle stiffness, tone and elasticity in subjects with lower back pain - A randomized cross-over trial

Hamilton, Rebecca I., Garden, Claire L.P. and Brown, Susan J. 2022. Immediate effect of a spinal mobilisation intervention on muscle stiffness, tone and elasticity in subjects with lower back pain - A randomized cross-over trial. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 29 , pp. 60-67. 10.1016/j.jbmt.2021.09.032
Item availability restricted.

[thumbnail of Hamilton R.pdf] PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 8 October 2022 due to copyright restrictions.

Download (358kB)
[thumbnail of Tables v1.1] PDF (Tables v1.1) - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only until 8 October 2022 due to copyright restrictions.

Download (139kB)
[thumbnail of Figures v1.1] PDF (Figures v1.1) - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only until 8 October 2022 due to copyright restrictions.

Download (123kB)

Abstract

Background Despite the lack of objective evidence, spinal manual therapies have been common practice for many years, particularly for treatment of lower back pain (LBP). This exploratory study measured and analysed the effect of a spinal mobilisation intervention on muscle tissue quality in LBP sufferers. Methods 40 people with LBP participated in a within-subject repeated measures cross-over study with intervention and control conditions. A myometer was used to assess the change in para-spinal muscle tissue quality before and after the intervention. Analysis considered the magnitude of muscle response together with individual covariates as potential contributors. Results A significant post-intervention reduction was observed in muscle stiffness (p = 0.012, η 2 partial = 0.15), tone (p = 0.001, η 2 partial = 0.25) and elasticity (p = 0.001, η 2 partial = 0.24). Significant increases were seen in 2 variables post-control: stiffness (p = 0.004, η 2 partial = 0.19), tone (p = 0.006, η 2 partial = 0.18) and a significant decrease in elasticity (p ˂ 0.000, η 2 partial = 0.3). Significant contributing covariates include baseline stiffness, BMI, waist circumference and sex. Baseline stiffness and tone were significantly correlated to their response levels. Conclusions The significant reduction in all muscle tissue qualities following the intervention provide preliminary data for an evidence-based LBP therapeutic. Baseline stiffness, BMI, waist circumference and sex could act as significant contributors to magnitude of response. The results warrant further investigation into spinal mobilisation therapies to further build the objective evidence base.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1360-8592
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 17 March 2022
Date of Acceptance: 24 September 2021
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2022 22:56
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/148146

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics