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Towards energy level cascaded “quantum armours” combating metal corrosion

Liu, Yunpeng, Zhu, Jinwei, Wang, Zhenyu, Yan, Xuanye, Zhang, Juantao, Zhang, Wenlong, Xu, Hao, Marken, Frank, Feng, Jiangtao, Hou, Bo ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9918-8223, Yan, Wei, Li, Mingtao and Ren, Zijun 2022. Towards energy level cascaded “quantum armours” combating metal corrosion. Applied Surface Science 593 , 153369. 10.1016/j.apsusc.2022.153369
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Abstract

Stainless steels typically feature high toughness and good corrosion resistance. However, pitting corrosion can easily occur on stainless steel and the passivation film tends to be vulnerable under pressure or in brine environments. Metal corrosion is a long-standing challenge for the steel industry, forging a path to net-zero. Herein, by successive growth of a series of quantum confined nanocrystals such as quantum dots and nanorods with gradient band energy level alignment, high-performance photoelectrochemical cathodic protection for steel is demonstrated with remarkable mechanical and electrochemical stability. Under simulated solar light illumination, effective photoinduced protection can be realized for 304 stainless steel which enables long-term corrosion resistance in a 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. Unique nanotree-like structures and the quaternary material combination can store excess charges and release them gradually, enabling time-delay protection for metals after light excitation. Various promising functionalities as unique photoelectrodes can be envisioned arising from the proposed 3D nanotree morphology.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0169-4332
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 20 April 2022
Date of Acceptance: 8 April 2022
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2022 17:01
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/149247

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