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Adaptive genetic algorithm based on fuzzy reasoning for the multilevel capacitated lot-sizing problem with energy consumption in synchronizer production

Wang, Shuai, Hui, Jizhuang, Zhu, Bin and Liu, Ying 2022. Adaptive genetic algorithm based on fuzzy reasoning for the multilevel capacitated lot-sizing problem with energy consumption in synchronizer production. Sustainability 14 (9) , 5072. 10.3390/su14095072

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Abstract

The multilevel capacitated lot-sizing problem (MLCLSP) is a vital theoretical problem of production planning in discrete manufacturing. An improved algorithm based on the genetic algorithm (GA) is proposed to solve the MLCLSP. Based on the solution results, the distribution of energy consumption in a synchronous production case is analyzed. In the related literature, the GA has become a much-discussed topic in solving these kinds of problems. Although the standard GA can make up for the defects of the traditional algorithm, it will lead to the problems of unstable solution results and easy local convergence. For these reasons, this research presents an adaptive genetic algorithm based on fuzzy theory (fuzzy-GA) to solve the MLCLSP. Firstly, the solving process of the MLCLSP with the fuzzy-GA is described in detail, where algorithms for key technologies such as the capacity constraint algorithm and the algorithm of solving fitness value are developed. Secondly, the auto-encoding of decision variables for MLCLSPs is studied; within this, the decision variables of whether to produce or not are encoded into a hierarchical structure based on the bill of material; combined with external demand, the decision variables of lot-sizing are constructed. Thirdly, the adaptive optimization process of parameters of the GA for the MLCLSP based on fuzzy theory is expounded, in which membership function, fuzzy rule, and defuzzification of the MLCLSP is mainly presented. Experimental studies using the processed dataset collected from a synchronizer manufacturer have demonstrated the merits of the proposed approach, in which the energy consumption distribution of the optimized production plan is given. The optimal lot-sizing is closer to the average value of the optimal value compared with the standard GA, which indicates that the proposed fuzzy-GA approach has better convergence and stability.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Additional Information: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2071-1050
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 April 2022
Date of Acceptance: 22 April 2022
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2022 13:30
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/149372

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