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Rapid urbanization induced daily maximum wind speed decline in metropolitan areas: a case study in the Yangtze River Delta (China)

Zheng, Gangfeng, Azorin-Molina, Cesar, Wang, Xuejia, Chen, Deliang, McVicar, Tim R., Guijarro, Jose A., Chappell, Adrian ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0694-7348, Deng, Kaiqiang, Minola, Lorenzo, Kong, Feng, Wang, Shuo and Shi, Peijun 2022. Rapid urbanization induced daily maximum wind speed decline in metropolitan areas: a case study in the Yangtze River Delta (China). Urban Climate 43 , 101147. 10.1016/j.uclim.2022.101147

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Abstract

Wind extremes cause many environmental and natural hazard related problems globally, particularly in heavily populated metropolitan areas. However, the underlying causes of maximum wind speed variability in urbanized regions remain largely unknown. Here, we investigated how rapid urbanization in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD), China, impacted daily maximum wind speed (DMWS) between 1990 and 2015, based on near-surface (10 m height) DMWS observations, reanalysis datasets, and night-time lighting data (a proxy for urbanization). The station observation shows that annual DMWS in the YRD significantly (p < 0.05) declined during 1990–2015, by −0.209 m s−1 decade−1, while slightly (p > 0.1) positive trends were found in NCEP-NCAR1 (+0.048 m s−1 decade−1) and ERA5 (+0.027 m s−1 decade−1). An increasing divergence between the reanalysis output and the station observation since 2005 was found, and those stations located in areas with high rates of urbanization show the strongest negative annual DMWS trend, implying the key role of urbanization in weakening DMWS. This finding is supported by sensitivity experiments conducted using a regional climate model (RegCM4) forced with both 1990 and 2015 land-use and land-cover (LULC) data, where the simulated DMWS using the 2015 LULC data was lower than that simulated using the 1990 LULC data.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
ISSN: 2212-0955
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 April 2022
Date of Acceptance: 6 March 2022
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2024 18:02
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/149432

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