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Neural correlates of executive functioning in anorexia nervosa and obsessive-compulsive disorder

Thomas, Kai S., Birch, Rosalind E., Jones, Catherine R. G. ORCID: and Vanderwert, Ross E. ORCID: 2022. Neural correlates of executive functioning in anorexia nervosa and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16 , 841633. 10.3389/fnhum.2022.841633

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Anorexia nervosa (AN) and obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) are commonly reported to co-occur and present with overlapping symptomatology. Executive functioning difficulties have been implicated in both mental health conditions. However, studies directly comparing these functions in AN and OCD are extremely limited. This review provides a synthesis of behavioral and neuroimaging research examining executive functioning in AN and OCD to bridge this gap in knowledge. We outline the similarities and differences in behavioral and neuroimaging findings between AN and OCD, focusing on set shifting, working memory, response inhibition, and response monitoring. This review aims to facilitate understanding of transdiagnostic correlates of executive functioning and highlights important considerations for future research. We also discuss the importance of examining both behavioral and neural markers when studying transdiagnostic correlates of executive functions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Cardiff University Centre for Human Development Science (CHDS)
Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Additional Information: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 1662-5161
Funders: ESRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 May 2022
Date of Acceptance: 9 May 2022
Last Modified: 24 May 2023 16:56

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