Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Unsupervised learning architecture for classifying the transient noise of interferometric gravitational-wave detectors

Sakai, Yusuke, Itoh, Yousuke, Jung, Piljong, Kokeyama, Keiko ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2896-1992, Kozakai, Chihiro, Nakahira, Katsuko T., Oshino, Shoichi, Shikano, Yutaka, Takahashi, Hirotaka, Uchiyama, Takashi, Ueshima, Gen, Washimi, Tatsuki, Yamamoto, Takahiro and Yokozawa, Takaaki 2022. Unsupervised learning architecture for classifying the transient noise of interferometric gravitational-wave detectors. Scientific Reports 12 (1) , 9935. 10.1038/s41598-022-13329-4

[thumbnail of 41598_2022_Article_13329.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (5MB)
[thumbnail of 41598_2022_13329_MOESM1_ESM.pdf] PDF - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (244kB)

Abstract

Abstract: In the data obtained by laser interferometric gravitational wave detectors, transient noise with non-stationary and non-Gaussian features occurs at a high rate. This often results in problems such as detector instability and the hiding and/or imitation of gravitational-wave signals. This transient noise has various characteristics in the time–frequency representation, which is considered to be associated with environmental and instrumental origins. Classification of transient noise can offer clues for exploring its origin and improving the performance of the detector. One approach for accomplishing this is supervised learning. However, in general, supervised learning requires annotation of the training data, and there are issues with ensuring objectivity in the classification and its corresponding new classes. By contrast, unsupervised learning can reduce the annotation work for the training data and ensure objectivity in the classification and its corresponding new classes. In this study, we propose an unsupervised learning architecture for the classification of transient noise that combines a variational autoencoder and invariant information clustering. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed architecture, we used the dataset (time–frequency two-dimensional spectrogram images and labels) of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) first observation run prepared by the Gravity Spy project. The classes provided by our proposed unsupervised learning architecture were consistent with the labels annotated by the Gravity Spy project, which manifests the potential for the existence of unrevealed classes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Type: open-access
Publisher: Nature Research
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 June 2022
Date of Acceptance: 23 May 2022
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2022 11:26
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/150540

Citation Data

Cited 1 time in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics