Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

In vitro and in vivo antifungal profile of a novel and long-acting inhaled azole, PC945, on Aspergillus fumigatus infection

Colley, Thomas, Alanio, Alexandre, Kelly, Steven L., Sehra, Gurpreet, Kizawa, Yasuo, Warrilow, Andrew G. S., Parker, Josie E., Kelly, Diane E., Kimura, Genki, Anderson-Dring, Lauren, Nakaoki, Takahiro, Sunose, Mihiro, Onions, Stuart, Crepin, Damien, Lagasse, Franz, Crittall, Matthew, Shannon, Jonathan, Cooke, Michael, Bretagne, Stéphane, King-Underwood, John, Murray, John, Ito, Kazuhiro, Strong, Pete and Rapeport, Garth 2017. In vitro and in vivo antifungal profile of a novel and long-acting inhaled azole, PC945, on Aspergillus fumigatus infection. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 61 (5) , e02280-16. 10.1128/AAC.02280-16

[thumbnail of In Vitro and In Vivo Antifungal Profile of a Novel and Long-Acting Inhaled Azole, PC945, on Aspergillus fumigatus Infection.pdf]
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (829kB) | Preview


The profile of PC945, a novel triazole antifungal designed for administration via inhalation, was assessed in a range of in vitro and in vivo studies. PC945 was characterized as a potent, tightly binding inhibitor of Aspergillus fumigatus sterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51A and CYP51B) activity (50% inhibitory concentrations [IC50s], 0.23 μM and 0.22 μM, respectively) with characteristic type II azole binding spectra. Against 96 clinically isolated A. fumigatus strains, the MIC values of PC945 ranged from 0.032 to >8 μg/ml, while those of voriconazole ranged from 0.064 to 4 μg/ml. Spectrophotometric analysis of the effects of PC945 against itraconazole-susceptible and -resistant A. fumigatus growth yielded IC50 (determined based on optical density [OD]) values of 0.0012 to 0.034 μg/ml, whereas voriconazole (0.019 to >1 μg/ml) was less effective than PC945. PC945 was effective against a broad spectrum of pathogenic fungi (with MICs ranging from 0.0078 to 2 μg/ml), including Aspergillus terreus, Trichophyton rubrum, Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida krusei, Cryptococcus gattii, Cryptococcus neoformans, and Rhizopus oryzae (1 or 2 isolates each). In addition, when A. fumigatus hyphae or human bronchial cells were treated with PC945 and then washed, PC945 was found to be absorbed quickly into both target and nontarget cells and to produce persistent antifungal effects. Among temporarily neutropenic immunocompromised mice infected with A. fumigatus intranasally, 50% of the animals survived until day 7 when treated intranasally with PC945 at 0.56 μg/mouse, while posaconazole showed similar effects (44%) at 14 μg/mouse. This profile affirms that topical treatment with PC945 should provide potent antifungal activity in the lung.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
ISSN: 0066-4804
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 8 July 2022
Date of Acceptance: 14 February 2017
Last Modified: 29 May 2023 03:32

Citation Data

Cited 36 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics