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Magnetic nanodrug delivery in non-Newtonian blood flows

Fanelli, Claudia, Kaouri, Katerina ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9850-253X, Phillips, Timothy N. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6455-1205, Myers, Timothy G. and Font, Francesc 2022. Magnetic nanodrug delivery in non-Newtonian blood flows. Microfluidics and Nanofluidics 26 (10) , 74. 10.1007/s10404-022-02576-6

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Abstract

With the goal of determining strategies to maximise drug delivery to a specific site in the body, we developed a mathematical model for the transport of drug nanocarriers (nanoparticles) in the bloodstream under the influence of an external magnetic field. Under the assumption of long (compared to the radius) blood vessels the Navier-Stokes equations are reduced, to a simpler model consistently with lubrication theory. Under these assumptions, analytical results are compared for Newtonian, power-law, Carreau and Ellis fluids, and these clearly demonstrate the importance of shear thinning effects when modelling blood flow. Incorporating nanoparticles and a magnetic field to the model we develop a numerical scheme and study the particle motion for different field strengths. We demonstrate the importance of the non-Newtonian behaviour: for the flow regimes investigated in this work, consistent with those in blood micro vessels, we find that the field strength needed to absorb a certain amount of particles in a non-Newtonian fluid has to be larger than the one needed in a Newtonian fluid. Specifically, for one case examined, a two times larger magnetic force had to be applied in the Ellis fluid than in the Newtonian fluid for the same number of particles to be absorbed through the vessel wall. Consequently, models based on a Newtonian fluid can drastically overestimate the effect of a magnetic field. Finally, we evaluate the particle concentration at the vessel wall and compute the evolution of the particle flux through the wall for different permeability values, as that is important when assessing the efficacy of drug delivery applications. The insights from our work bring us a step closer to successfully transferring magnetic nanoparticle drug delivery to the clinic.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Type: open-access
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1613-4982
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 5 September 2022
Date of Acceptance: 8 August 2022
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2022 08:42
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/152325

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