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Suppression of calcium entry modulates the expression of TRβ1 and Runx2 in thyroid cancer cells, two transcription factors that regulate invasion, proliferation and thyroid-specific protein levels

Asghar, Muhammad Yasir, Knuutinen, Taru, Holm, Emilia, Nordström, Tommy, Nguyen, Van Dien, Zhou, You ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1743-1291 and Törnquist, Kid 2022. Suppression of calcium entry modulates the expression of TRβ1 and Runx2 in thyroid cancer cells, two transcription factors that regulate invasion, proliferation and thyroid-specific protein levels. Cancers 14 (23) , 5838. 10.3390/cancers14235838

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Abstract

The thyroid hormone receptor beta 1 (TRβ1) is downregulated in several human cancer cell types, which has been associated with development of an aggressive tumor phenotype and the upregulation of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2). In this study, we show that the expression of TRβ1 protein is downregulated in human thyroid cancer tissues and cell lines compared with the normal thyroid tissues and primary cell line, whilst Runx2 is upregulated under the same conditions. In contrast, the expression of TRβ1 is upregulated, whereas Runx2 is downregulated, in STIM1, Orai1 and TRPC1 knockdown cells, compared to mock transfected cells. To study the functional significance of Runx2 in follicular thyroid cancer ML-1 cells, we downregulated it by siRNA. This increased store-operated calcium entry (SOCE), but decreased cell proliferation and invasion. Moreover, restoring TRβ1 expression in ML-1 cells decreased SOCE, basal and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P)-evoked invasion, the expression of the promigratory S1P3 receptor and pERK1/2, and at the same time increased the expression of the thyroid specific proteins thyroglobulin, thyroperoxidase, and thyroid transcription factor-1. In conclusion, we show that TRβ1 is downregulated in thyroid cancer cells and that restoration of its expression can reverse the cancer cell phenotype towards a normal thyroid cell phenotype.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Type: open-access
Publisher: MDPI
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 8 December 2022
Date of Acceptance: 22 November 2022
Last Modified: 10 May 2023 03:36
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/154776

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