Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

The factors controlling along-arc and across-arc variations of primitive arc magma compositions: A global perspective

Wang, Jian, Gleeson, Matthew, Smith, William D. ORCID:, Ma, Lin, Lei, Zhibin, Shi, Guanghai and Chen, Long 2022. The factors controlling along-arc and across-arc variations of primitive arc magma compositions: A global perspective. Frontiers in Earth Science 10 10.3389/feart.2022.1055255

[thumbnail of feart-10-1055255.pdf]
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (3MB) | Preview


Arc volcanism is a key process influencing Earth’s climate, continental growth, and the formation of mineral deposits. Therefore in this contribution, we have compiled whole-rock geochemistry of frontal arc and rear-/back-arc basalts, crustal thickness, and slab parameters (e.g., slab age, slab dip, and convergence velocity) from global convergent margins to investigate the factors controlling along-arc and across-arc variations. Crustal thickness or lithosphere thickness plays a dominant role in elements immobile in aqueous fluids (e.g., Zr/Yb and Nb/Yb). The effect is imposed through mantle partial melting for both frontal arc and rear-/back-arc rocks. Slab thermal structure also affects these immobile elements and gives rise to along-arc variations. Both slab sediment and altered oceanic crust can melt especially in hot subduction zones which yield across-arc variations (e.g., Nd isotope). Aqueous fluids (represented by element ratios such as Ba/Nb and Sr/Nd) also show across-arc variations as they decrease toward rear-/back-arc. This meanwhile decreases mantle wedge melting as rear-/back-arcs show higher Zr/Yb and Nb/Yb. However, no correlations between aqueous fluids and slab parameters suggest aqueous fluids in arc rocks are controlled by complex processes. We summarize factors such as slab alteration, slab dehydration, and mantle metasomatism might impose an effect on the content of fluid mobile elements in arc rocks.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 2296-6463
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 January 2023
Date of Acceptance: 13 December 2022
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2024 08:17

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics