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Recapitulation of normal collagen architecture in embryonic wounded corneas

Koudouna, Elena ORCID:, Spurlin, James, Babushkina, Anna, Quantock, Andrew J. ORCID:, Jester, James V. and Lwigale, Peter 2020. Recapitulation of normal collagen architecture in embryonic wounded corneas. Scientific Reports 10 (1) , 13815. 10.1038/s41598-020-70658-y

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Wound healing is characterized by cell and extracellular matrix changes mediating cell migration, fibrosis, remodeling and regeneration. We previously demonstrated that chick fetal wound healing shows a regenerative phenotype regarding the cellular and molecular organization of the cornea. However, the chick corneal stromal structure is remarkably complex in the collagen fiber/lamellar organization, involving branching and anastomosing of collagen bundles. It is unknown whether the chick fetal wound healing is capable of recapitulating this developmentally regulated organization pattern. The purpose of this study was to examine the three-dimensional collagen architecture of wounded embryonic corneas, whilst identifying temporal and spatial changes in collagen organization during wound healing. Linear corneal wounds that traversed the epithelial layer, Bowman´s layer, and anterior stroma were generated in chick corneas on embryonic day 7. Irregular thin collagen fibers are present in the wounded cornea during the early phases of wound healing. As wound healing progresses, the collagen organization dramatically changes, acquiring an orthogonal arrangement. Fourier transform analysis affirmed this observation and revealed that adjacent collagen lamellae display an angular displacement progressing from the epithelium layer towards the endothelium. These data indicate that the collagen organization of the wounded embryonic cornea recapitulate the native macrostructure.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Optometry and Vision Sciences
Publisher: Nature Research
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 22 February 2023
Date of Acceptance: 31 July 2020
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2024 05:45

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