Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Developing an All-Wales definition of Simulation-Based Education.

Hawker, Clare ORCID:, Jones, Bridie, Cook, Sara- Catrin, Mitra, Suman, Hoole, Alice, Bartholomew, Bethan and Diaz-Navarro, Cristina 2022. Developing an All-Wales definition of Simulation-Based Education. International Journal of Healthcare Simulation 2 (1) , A40-A41. 10.54531/INHM4618

[thumbnail of 10.54531_INHM4618.pdf]
PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (116kB) | Preview


Background: Health Education and Improvement Wales (HEIW) simulation team are designing a Simulation-Based Education (SBE) strategy for Wales. In the initial stages of this development a working definition of SBE was agreed by the simulation team. However, numerous definitions of simulation or SBE exist in the literature. A shared understanding of SBE is required to optimise its use as an educational strategy1 Aim: To reach consensus upon an All Wales definition of SBE. Method: Ethical approval for the study was granted by Cardiff University. A participant information sheet was provided and informed consent obtained from all participants. A modified Delphi technique was used2, comprising three rounds of online surveys. Definitions and characteristics of simulation described in the existing literature formed the basis of the first survey round3. Any statements not reaching consensus and any new statements offered by participants during round one were included in the second survey round. In the final round, participants were asked to rank all statements which reached consensus in rounds one and two in order of priority from 1- the most important to 10- the least important. Responses were inversely scored and collated. Three members of the research team reviewed and validated the consensus statements at the end of each round. Results: A total of 27 participants from a range of professional backgrounds (nurses, doctors, allied health professionals and simulation technicians) agreed to be part of the expert panel, of whom 26 (96%) completed the round one survey, 26/26 (100%) returned the round two survey and 22/26 (81%) responded to the round three survey. Participants reached consensus with high levels of agreement upon 39 statements organised under five sections. The highest ranked statement from each section were included in the final definition. Conclusion: This appears to be the first study to use a Delphi technique to agree an interprofessional definition of SBE at a national level. The definition developed is being shared more widely with key stakeholders from across the four nations of the UK. There is scope for this lead to further work on reaching UK wide consensus or internationally. References: 1.Posner, G.D., Clark.M., Grant, V.J., 2017. Simulation in the clinical setting: towards a standard lexicon. Advances in Simulation 2 (15) Accessed on 8/2/21/ from 2.Keeney, S., Hasson, F., McKenn,H. 2006. Consulting the oracle: ten lessons from using the Delphi technique in nursing research. Journal of Advanced Nursing ;53:205–12. 3.Hsu, C., Sandford, B.A., 2007b. Minimizing non-response in the Delphi process: how to respond to non-response. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation 12(17). Accessed on the 20/4/21¼12&n¼17UR

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Healthcare Sciences
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 15 March 2023
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2023 00:56

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics