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PLEKHS1 drives PI3Ks and remodels pathway homeostasis in PTEN-null prostate

Chessa, Tamara A.M., Jung, Piotr, Anwar, Arqum, Suire, Sabine, Anderson, Karen E., Barneda, David, Kielkowska, Anna, Sadiq, Barzan A., Lai, Ieng Wai, Felisbino, Sergio, Turnham, Daniel J. ORCID:, Pearson, Helen B. ORCID:, Phillips, Wayne A., Sasaki, Junko, Sasaki, Takehiko, Oxley, David, Spensberger, Dominik, Segonds-Pichon, Anne, Wilson, Michael, Walker, Simon, Okkenhaug, Hanneke, Cosulich, Sabina, Hawkins, Phillip T. and Stephens, Len R. 2023. PLEKHS1 drives PI3Ks and remodels pathway homeostasis in PTEN-null prostate. Molecular Cell 83 (16) , pp. 2991-3009. 10.1016/j.molcel.2023.07.015

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The PIP3/PI3K network is a central regulator of metabolism and is frequently activated in cancer, commonly by loss of the PIP3/PI(3,4)P2 phosphatase, PTEN. Despite huge research investment, the drivers of the PI3K network in normal tissues and how they adapt to overactivation are unclear. We find that in healthy mouse prostate PI3K activity is driven by RTK/IRS signaling and constrained by pathway feedback. In the absence of PTEN, the network is dramatically remodeled. A poorly understood YXXM- and PIP3/PI(3,4)P2-binding PH domain-containing adaptor, PLEKHS1, became the dominant activator and was required to sustain PIP3, AKT phosphorylation, and growth in PTEN-null prostate. This was because PLEKHS1 evaded pathway-feedback and experienced enhanced PI3K- and Src-family kinase-dependent phosphorylation of Y258XXM, eliciting PI3K activation. hPLEKHS1 mRNA and activating Y419 phosphorylation of hSrc correlated with PI3K pathway activity in human prostate cancers. We propose that in PTEN-null cells receptor-independent, Src-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of PLEKHS1 creates positive feedback that escapes homeostasis, drives PIP3 signaling, and supports tumor progression.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Cell Press
ISSN: 1097-2765
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 17 August 2023
Date of Acceptance: 13 July 2023
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2023 20:36

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