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SPIRO: A compliant spiral spring-damper joint actuator with energy-based-sliding-mode controller

Tafrishi, Seyed Amir ORCID: and Hirata, Yasuhisa 2024. SPIRO: A compliant spiral spring-damper joint actuator with energy-based-sliding-mode controller. IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics 29 (2) , pp. 947-959. 10.1109/TMECH.2023.3346278

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Elasticity in actuators plays a crucial role in enabling flexible, efficient, and safe motion in robots. However, achieving such advanced capabilities also requires the development of sophisticated controllers. This article introduces “SPIRO,” a novel variable impedance actuator (patent-pending) capable of dynamically changing its stiffness and damping profiles to adapt to various tasks. We also propose a new energy-based sliding-mode controller that facilitates robust stiffness and adaptive damping for intelligent actuator execution. Through experimental examples, we demonstrate how the compliance of the actuator can be adjusted based on the amount of disturbance energy, resulting in safer and more efficient motion. Moreover, the proposed mechanism, coupled with the designed controller, allows for a tradeoff between accuracy and safety, enabling more dynamic link movements akin to human muscle. The unique capabilities of SPIRO make it promising for potential applications, such as exoskeleton systems and human–robot interactions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN: 1083-4435
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 December 2023
Date of Acceptance: 17 December 2023
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2024 16:28

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